Feline Oral Care: What You Really Need to Know About Your Cat’s Gum Health

Cats are prone to dental problems. Many cats have significant gingivitis and periodontal disease by the age of four. It is a serious, gradually increasing condition that causes discomfort and compromises overall health and well-being. In cats, there will be no evidence of mouth pain. People learn to bear with the discomfort associated with dental disorders because it builds gradually. As a result, all cats must see a veterinarian once a year to evaluate their oral health.

What are the most prevalent dental problems among felines?

The following are the most typical dental problems in cats and if you currently don’t know of a vet in your area, simply look up “animal clinic near me” 

Periodontal Disease

Periodontitis infected and inflamed gum tissue. Plaque accumulates at and below the gum line due to inadequate dental hygiene. This infection caused inflammation of the gums, tooth-anchoring ligaments, and bones. Periodontal disease, if left untreated, can usher in tooth loss by damaging supporting tissues. Periodontal diseases include gingivitis and periodontitis. Veterinarian dental cleanings treat gingivitis and periodontitis. Anesthesia is required. Although a tooth may appear better without anesthesia, plaque behind the gum line remains.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is caused by bacterial plaque but not by ligaments or bones. The gums expand and turn pink to scarlet or purple. Gums are prone to bleeding and bad breath is relatively common in this disease. Gingivitis can be cured with a thorough dental cleaning, but it can progress to periodontitis if left untreated. Gingivitis can occur in 6- to 8-month-old cats. Common symptoms include swollen gums and bad breath.

 

Gingivitis can be treated with professional teeth cleaning under anesthesia. This entails cleaning the gums. If the gingivitis does not heal, your cat may require a more thorough cleaning. Following cleanings, your vet may seal the teeth to reduce the bacterial buildup and promote healing. Unresponsive cats should be evaluated for immune system dysfunction, diabetes, and feline Bartonella infection (cat scratch fever). Gingivitis will reoccur if teeth are not maintained clean and plaque-free.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis causes damage to the gums, ligaments, and bones. Plaque, tartar, and gingivitis are common precursors. It results in irreversible tooth loss. This disease can manifest itself in 1-year-old cats.

 

Periodontitis is treated with a professional cleaning above and below the gum line while under anesthesia. Bone loss can be seen via X-rays of the jaws. Periodontitis necessitates more extensive treatment than gingivitis, and further treatments for gum disease may be required. Extraction is a widespread practice. Cats do well without teeth because they regenerate tissue. Veterinary surgery in Wisconsin may be required to clear the root surface of the gums. Finally, veterinarians can treat dental crowding and underlying disorders that cause periodontitis.

 

Continue oral hygiene at home if your cat has periodontitis. According to your veterinarian’s recommendations, brushing, dietary changes, plaque prevention gel, and oral rinses should all be done. Prophylactic cleanings every three months to a year prevent recurrence and bone loss.

Plaque

Plaque is a thin layer of food waste, bacteria, saliva, and dead cells that form on your pet’s teeth. Pet teeth tartar buildup forms when plaque remains on the teeth for more than 72 hours. Gum inflammation and gum disease result from this.

To Sum It Up

Gum disease is uncommon in people who have clean teeth. Regular dental exams and at-home measures such as brushing can aid in the prevention of gum disease. Cats require daily tooth brushing. Plaques left for more than three days become calculus, which a toothbrush cannot remove. If you cannot brush your cat’s teeth, wipe them with gauze every two to three days. Inquire with your veterinarian about plaque-removing treats and dry meals. Your veterinarian may apply a barrier sealant or plaque-prevention gel.

By | 2022-06-02T12:36:56+00:00 September 17th, 2022|Business / HR|0 Comments