Equine skin disorders have a way of capturing your interest while staying enigmatic. On your horse’s skin, that strange-looking lump, scruffy patch, or bald spot: It seems to be innocuous, and when you touch it, it does not disturb your horse. Is it something you can comfortably ignore, or do you need to seek medical attention?
Whether the area or lump is caused by a bacterial, fungal, or viral illness, an insect bite, sunburn, allergic response, bruising, abrasion, or any number of other assaults the world may hurl at a horse, the solution will vary.
Prevalent Skin Ailments in Horses
To properly treat an illness, you must first determine it, yet some issues with very distinct origins might seem strikingly similar. Simply putting your favorite ointment on your skin might do more damage than good. The most prevalent skin illnesses in horses are listed here.
1. Fungal Dermatitis
The areas are spherical and hairless, with crusty, scabby skin. Lesions on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and beneath the saddle or girth are the most prevalent, although they may form anywhere on the body. The afflicted regions may be painful or itchy, but they usually do not cause pain, and the horse seems to be in good condition. If you want to know more about this type of skin ailment, a reputable Denton vet would be of good help.
Ringworm is a fungal disease caused by various organisms, most often members of the Trichophyton or Microsporum families. Dermatophytes are fungi that eat keratin, a protein that gives hair and epidermal skin cells their structure.
2. Rain Scald
Rain Scald is a scabby crust that forms elevated pimples with matted hair tufts standing erect. The crusts occur on moist body areas, such as the topline and where rain runs off down the barrel, shoulders, or hindquarters, but they may also form on the lower legs or faces of horses that stand in muck or graze tall, wet grass frequently.
The crusts peel away over time, leaving tiny, circular bare areas; pus may also be visible under freshly sloughed scabs. When exposed to moisture, the pathogenic organism multiplies fast. An active infection may occur if germs discover a skin breach, such as a tiny cut or insect bite.
Papillomas, often known as warts, cause gray or pink cauliflower-like growths that are generally tiny, around the size of peas. They may be seen single or in groups on the nose or around the eyes, but they can also be found on the ears, genitals, and lower legs. The growths do not seem to be painful or bothersome.
The horse papillomavirus, which may live for weeks on skin, equipment, and buildings, causes warts. Warts are more common in horses under the age of three. However, they may also arise in adulthood.
4. Papillary Acanthoma
Inside the ears are flat, crusty, elevated white lesions with pink, sensitive skin below. Aural plaques usually are painless and are only considered a cosmetic issue. On the other hand, biting flies may aggravate the lesions, causing some horses to refuse to be bridled or have their ears touched.
Both ears will probably be impacted. They’re not going to go away or diminish on their own. Aural plaques are produced by equine papillomavirus carried by ear-biting insects like the blackfly. Any age or breed of horse might develop plaques. You can look for an equine emergency vet to check and treat your horse in a more severe case.
Small skin flakes, commonly at the base of the mane and tail, and sand-like specks may occur on the girth region or anywhere sweat gathers in the dry form. Large, waxy crusts appear on the elbows, hocks, or lower legs with oily seborrhea; when peeled off, they may leave hairless areas up to several inches in diameter. Dandruff may produce a foul odor, although the horse is seldom itchy or uncomfortable.
Primary seborrhea is more frequent in Arabians and Thoroughbreds, heritable. Dandruff is a lifetime concern for those afflicted. However, initial seborrhea resembles secondary seborrhea, oily or dry. There can be several aspects of horse care, in some cases. They can be subjected to pet dental in some cases if your horse suddenly loses appetite or weight.